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The overriding reason why children do not take part in the education system is that their family does not have sufficient resources to provide for its subsistence. Children are forced to work because it is a necessity and education is looked upon as a luxury by the parents who are themselves uneducated. The children are sent out to work in the informal sector selling or doing menial tasks in order to contribute towards their family’s desperate income. If a family were to take their children out of the realm of economic remuneration they may be even less able to cope financially with the reduction in income.

Although it is said that education is free in Peru parents must still find an annual registration fee, and pay for their children’s uniforms and books. While this is only a small expenditure it is often prohibitively expensive for poor families, especially if they have a number of offspring. While the economic situation of these families remains the same studying becomes an impossibility from which the children lose their chance of a future.
It should be noted that many parents send their children out to work although they could manage economically, if with great difficulty, without the income provided by the child. A principle reason why a parent might do this is the lack of value placed on education especially by those who are uneducated themselves and have no direct experience or knowledge of the benefits of education. Through these eyes education may be misconstrued as a waste of time and mean that parents see the child bringing money to help with the family income as a far more important employment of their time. Such ideas may have a bad influence on children who may also undervalue education and fail to see the beneficial key that it holds to their futures.
Older children who have not previously taken part in the education system will find it increasingly hard to do so as they get older and lag further and further behind their contemporaries. A child who is considerably behind other children of the same age group may suffer from low self-esteem and decide to stop studying. Children who come to school later in life may also have behavioral problems which mean that authorities can not accept their disruption in the school

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